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contractor walking on roof performs roof inspection
contractor walking on roof performs roof inspection

Homeowner’s Roof Inspection Checklist for 2023

Ensuring the safety and condition of a new roof in your home is one of the most crucial responsibilities you have as a homeowner. An essential part of this is regularly inspecting your roof, which is the primary defense against the elements.

To help you with this task, we have compiled a comprehensive Homeowner’s Roof Inspection Checklist for 2023. This checklist will guide you through the necessary steps to assess your roof’s condition, identify potential issues, and take appropriate action to keep your home and family safe.

Whether you plan to inspect your roof yourself or hire a professional roofing contractor, this roof inspection checklist is an essential tool for ensuring the long-term health of your home.

Visible Damage

roof in need of inspection due to visible damage

Visible damage during a roof inspection can take many forms involving structural damage and signs of wear and tear that compromise the roof’s integrity or pose a risk for leaks.

Here are some common types of visible damage to look for during a roof inspection:

  1. Cracks: Cracks in the roofing material can allow water to penetrate the roof, leading to leaks and other forms of water damage. Wind damage can also cause wind-related cracks to form.
  2. Blistering: Blisters in the roofing material can form when air or moisture gets trapped beneath the surface, causing the material to expand and deform.
  3. Missing or Broken Shingles or Tiles: Missing shingles or broken tiles can expose the roof to the elements and allow water to penetrate the roof system.
  4. Bent or Dented Gutters: Bent or dented gutters can disrupt water flow from the roof and building, leading to water damage and clogged gutters.

During a roof inspection, it’s essential to look for these and other signs of visible damage, as they can compromise the roof’s integrity and lead to more extensive damage if left untreated.

Roof Leak

Roof leaks are one of the most common problems that can occur with a roof and cause significant damage if left unaddressed. 

To check for a leak in your roof, you should follow these steps:

  1. Look for water stains: Check your ceilings and walls for any water stains or discoloration. These are usually signs of a leak and may indicate where the leak is coming from.
  2. Look for sunlight: If you inspect your attic during the day, look for any areas where sunlight shines. Sunlight can indicate where there may be a gap or hole in your roof.
  3. Use a hose: Consider using a hose to simulate rainfall if you cannot locate the source of a leak. Have someone inside the house monitor the walls and ceilings for any signs of water to identify the leak’s location.

If you find a leak, it is crucial to conduct roof repairs as soon as possible. Water damage can cause significant damage to your home, including mold growth and structural damage leading to even more costly damages.


close up of debris on roof in need of inspection

Debris on a roof can consist of various materials, including natural elements such as leaves, branches, and sticks that fall from nearby trees or are blown onto the roof by the wind. Other types of debris can include manufactured materials such as trash and roofing material debris. In addition, animal waste can also accumulate on roof surfaces over time.

Debris on a roof poses various risks that can undermine the roof’s structural integrity and result in more severe damage if not addressed promptly. Therefore, it is crucial to conduct regular inspections and clear any debris to ensure the longevity and safety of the roof.

Moss and Algae Growth

Moss and algae growth on a roof can be a common problem, particularly in areas with high humidity, shade, or frequent rainfall. Here’s what you need to know about moss and algae growth during a roof inspection:

Moss and algae growth can be a sign of underlying problems with the roof, including:

  1. Poor drainage: If water is not draining properly from the roof, it can lead to moisture buildup, encouraging moss and algae growth.
  2. Shaded areas: Areas of the roof that receive less sunlight are more prone to moss and algae growth.
  3. Accumulated debris: Leaves, branches, and other debris can gather on the roof, creating a damp environment that encourages moss and algae growth.

Look for signs of moss and algae growth, such as green or brown discoloration on the roof. If you notice any signs of growth, addressing the underlying issues is essential to prevent further damage.

Rust or Corrosion

close up of shingle granule loss on roof in need of inspection

Rust or corrosion on a roof is a visible sign of metal deterioration and can indicate underlying damage. Here’s what you need to know about rust or corrosion during a roof inspection:

  1. Causes: Rust or corrosion can be caused by various factors, including exposure to moisture, weathering, and environmental pollutants.
  2. Appearance: Rust or corrosion appears as a reddish-brown discoloration on metal components. It may also appear as pitting or flaking on the surface of the metal.
  3. Problems: Rust or corrosion can weaken metal components, leading to leaks and further damage to your roofing system.
  4. Prevention and Repair: Regular maintenance can help prevent rust or corrosion on a roof. Rust preventive maintenance may include applying rust-resistant coatings, sealing metal components, or replacing damaged ones.

It is crucial to promptly address any signs of rust or corrosion to prevent roof failure and ensure structural integrity.

Animal Damage

Animals can cause damage to your roof by creating nests, burrowing through roof shingles or tiles, and chewing on exposed wiring or insulation. Here are a few steps to inspect for any damage caused by animals:

  1. Look for signs of animal activity – Check for any signs of animal activity on your roof, such as droppings, nesting materials, or chew marks.
  2. Check the attic – Inspect your attic for signs of animal activity, such as droppings, nesting materials, or chew marks.
  3. Check for entry points – Look for entry points around the roofline, vents, and chimney. These areas are common entry points for animals.

By regularly checking for signs of animal activity and taking steps to prevent animals from accessing your roof, you can help minimize the risk of damage and ensure the longevity of your roof.

Consider a Professional Inspection

Although you may inspect the roof yourself, a roof-inspected by a professional contractor can offer a thorough assessment.  If you need more clarification about your roof’s condition or plan to sell your home, it’s worth considering a reputable roofing contractor to ensure your roof is in good shape and address any problems before they worsen.


Regular roof inspections are essential for maintaining your home’s health and safety. Our detailed roof inspection checklist can help you identify potential issues with your roof and take appropriate action to address them.

Whether you conduct the inspection yourself or hire a professional, it’s important to stay vigilant and proactive in maintaining the integrity of your roof. By doing so, you’ll be able to avoid costly repairs and ensure that your home remains a safe and comfortable haven for you and your loved ones.

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